Pigmentation is when excess melanin is produced, causing darker and uneven skin tone, which manifests in different forms like:
Melasma: Large patches that appear because of irregular skin darkening and can affect the face, typically starting on the cheeks and the nose.
Age Spots: These occur primarily on the face, chest, shoulders, and arms. They are also known as sunspots or freckles.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): Dark spots appearing on acne-prone areas of the body, including the face.
Macular Amyloidosis: These can be found anywhere on the body and appear as small greyish or dusty brown stains on the skin.
Lichen Planus Pigmentosus (LPP): This can be found on the face and neck and appears as greyish patches of pigmented skin.
Suntan: This skin pigmentation is triggered by prolonged exposure to the sun and is the most common. It can be found on the face, neck, and arms and feet.
Lentigines and Freckles: Small brown to black spots occur on the body’s sun-exposed areas due to harmful UV rays or a genetic skin condition.